Jerusalem (CNN) — Yitzhak Shamir, a political hard-liner who served two terms as Israeli prime minster, died Saturday, the prime minister’s office said.
Shamir, 96, served as premier from 1983 to 1984, and from 1986 to 1992. He also was Israel’s foreign minister from 1980 to 1986.
Born in Poland, Shamir moved to Palestine and fought for Israeli independence. He joined the Likud movement, serving as a member of Israel’s parliament, and also worked for the Mossad, Israel’s intelligence service.
Shamir succeeded Menachem Begin as prime minister in 1983.
“Yitzhak Shamir belonged to the generation of giants who established the State of Israel and fought for the freedom of the Jewish people on their land,” said Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, a fellow Likud member.
It was during Shamir’s second term as prime minister that the Gulf War broke out, leaving him with the question of how to respond to Iraqi Scud missiles falling on Israeli soil.
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